Chirality is defined as the geometric property of an object, like a molecule, of not being superimposable with its mirror image. The two mirror images of a chiral molecule are called enantiomers. Enantiomers have essentially identical physical and chemical properties. However, in chiral environments, such as the receptors and enzymes in the body, enantiomers may behave differently and therefore exhibit different pharmacokinetic properties and exert quantitatively or qualitatively different pharmacological or toxicological effects.
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